Senbi, 28 Qantar 2023
Kórshining kólenkesi 1766 4 pikir 25 Qarasha, 2022 saghat 16:43

Resey men Qazaqstan shekarasy turaly ne bilemiz

Eki elding shekarasy myndaghan shaqyrymgha sozylyp jatyr, qúrlyqpen de, tenizben de shektesedi. Úzyna boyy jýzden astam baqylau-ótkizu punktteri ornalasqan. «Reseyding Qazaqstanmen qúrlyq shekarasy qalay retteledi? Ony qalay dúrys kesip ótu kerek? Resey Federasiyasynyng aumaghynan shyghu kezinde qanday erejelerdi eskeru qajet?» degen súraqtardy maqalad qarastyrayyq.

Elder arasyndaghy qazirgi shekara 20 ghasyrda Qazaq KSR qúrylghan kezde qalyptasa bastady. Ol Kenes Odaghynyng әkimshilik-aumaqtyq bólinisining ózgeruine baylanysty ýnemi ózgerip otyrdy. Mysaly, 1920 jyly Orynbor oblysy Qazaq AKSR-gha ótip, shekara soltýstikke qaray jyljydy. Orynbor Qazaq avtonogmiyalyq respublikanyng astanasy boldy, biraq 5 jyldan keyin bәri búrynghy kýiine qayta oralyp, shekara qaytadan ózgerdi.

Qazirgi kezdegi elder arasyndaghy shekara 1991 jyly KSRO ydyraghannan keyin payda boldy. Biraq ony delimitasiyalau (shekaralas elder arasyndaghy shekaranyng naqty ornyn talqylau) 1999 jyly bastaldy. Demarkasiya (jerdegi tanbalau) 2007 jyly ghana bastaldy.

Elder arasyndaghy payda bolghan shekara Petropavl oblysyndaghy Transsibir temir jolyn kesip ótti. Osy sebepti elder búl jerde dәliz qúru turaly kelisimge qol qoydy, ol arqyly tauarlar shekaradan tekserusiz jәne baj salyghyn tólemey ótedi.

Qazaqstan men Resey teniz jәne qúrlyq arqyly shektesedi, qúrlyqtaghy shekarasy 7 598,8 shaqyrymdy qúraydy. Teniz shekarasy óte qysqa: 85,8 shaqyrym. Ol Reseyding 10 oblysy arqyly ótedi.

Qazaqstan men Reseyde barlyghy 46 baqylau-ótkizu beketi bar. Onyng biri ózen (Resey men Qazaqstan shekarasy su arqyly ótedi), qalghany poyyz nemese avtokólikpen ótuge arnalghan joldar.  Baqylau punktteri kelesi aimaqtarda ornalasqan:

Astrahan oblysy

Qaraózek-Qúrmanghazy (jol)

Qaraózek-Ganushkino (temir jol)

Volgograd oblysy

Polyni-Orda (avtomobili)

Jogharghy Basqúnshaq-Sayhin (temir jol)

Elton-Jәnibek (jol)

Vishnevka-Jәnibek (temir jol)

Saratov oblysy

Ozinkiy-Tasqala (jol)

Ozinkiy-Jayyq (temir jol)

Orynbor oblysy

Mashtakovka-Syrym (avtomobili)

Teploe-Shaghan (avtomobili)

Elek-Aqsay (jol)

IYlesk-1 - Shynghyrlau (temir jol)

Sagharchiyn-Jaysan (temir jol)

IYlesk-Jaysan (temir jol)

Orsk-Qyrghyldy (temir jol)

Orsk-Álimbet (jol)

Svetlyi-Qarashatau (jol)

Komsomoliskiy-Qondybay (jol)

Chelyabi oblysy

Mariinskoe-Jelkuar (jol)

Nikolaevka-Ayat (jol)

Qartaly-Býskól (temir jol)

Soqpaq-Qayraq (jol)

Qorghan oblysy

Voskresenovka-Aqbalshyq (jol)

Zverinogolovsk-Ubaghan (jol)

Zauralie-Presnogorievka (temir jol)

Petuhovo-Janajol (jol)

Petuhovo-Mamlutka (temir jol)

Týmen oblysy

Qazanskoe-Qyzyljar (jol)

Omby oblysy

Esilkól-Bulaevo (temir jol)

Esilkól-Qaraqogha (jol)

Belostok-Bidayyq (jol)

Eriksiz-Amangeldi (avtomobili)

Cherlak-Ertis (ózen)

Olihovka-Ýrlitóbe (jol)

Novosiәbir oblysy

Terengýl-Mynkól (temirjol)

Pavlovka-Qosaq (jol)

Altay ólkesi

Slavgorod-Nayza (jol)

Qúlyndy-Sharbaqty (jol)

Qúlyndy-Sharbaqty (temir jol)

Malinovoe kóli-Qoyanbay (jol)

Topolinoe-Baytanat (jol)

Veseloyarsk-Auyl (jol)

Gornyak-Jezkent (jol)

Nevyarovskaya-Jezkent (temir jol)

Mihaylovka-Uba (jol)

Tretiyakovo-Shemonaiha (temir jol)

Resey men Qazaqstan shekarasynan dolaushylar men jýkterding ótuin jenildetu ýshin kóptegen kelisimderge qol qoyyldy. Biraq, kez-kelgen shekaradaghy siyaqty, birqatar shekteuler әli de saqtalady. Resey azamattaryna Qazaqstangha kiru ýshin viza qajet emes.

Búl Resey-Qazaqstan shekarasynan ótken Belarusi jәne Ukraina azamattaryna da qatysty. Ishki tólqújatpen nemese sheteldik tólqújatpen kiruge bolady.

Qazaqstangha myna zattardy alyp kiruge rúhsat etilgen:

10 000 dollargha deyingi qolma-qol aqsha; jalpy qúny 25 000 dollargha deyingi asyl metaldar men zergerlik búiymdar; 3 litrge deyin alkogoli 1000 temeki; 10 kilogrammgha deyin tagham; 100 litrden aspaytyn benziyn;

Al myna zattardy alyp kiruge tyiym salynady: esirtki; qaru men oq-dәri; «Qyzyl kitapqa» engen ósimdikter men januarlar; jazda et pen balyq; karantin tizimindegi tauarlar; antikvariat.

Sonday-aq zorlyq-zombylyqqa, ksenofobiyagha, nәsilshildikke jәne biylikti qúlatugha shaqyratyn materialdardy әkeluge tyiym salynady. Jolaushy tiym salynghan zattardy alyp kiretin bolsa, tәrkilenedi, aiyppúl salynady, qaru men esirtki alyp kiru jaghdayynda týrmege qamaluy mýmkin.

Terrorizm, ekstremizm, últtyq qauipsizdikke qater tóndiretin, diny jәne basqa da arazdyqty qozdyrumen ainalysatyn azamattar Qazaqstangha kirgizilmeui mýmkin.

10 000 rubliden artyq memleketke qaryzy bar, salyghyn tólemegenderde de Qazaqstan shekarasyna óte almaydy.

2022 jyly koronavirus shekteuleri boyynsha:  biylghy jyldyng kókteminen bastap barlyq shekteuler alynyp tastaldy. Shekaralar ashyq, PTR testin nemese vaksinasiya sertifikattaryn kórsetuding qajeti joq.

 

Kerimsal Júbatqanov

Abai.kz

4 pikir

Ýzdik materialdar

Anyq-qanyghy

Jaqiyanov: Maghan ashyq jala jabugha kiristi...

Ghalymjan Jaqiyanov 3115
Biylik

Ýkimettegi su jana 5 ministr...

Abai.kz 2086
Ayqay

Elde últtyq iydeologiya óte әlsiz...

Beysenghazy Úlyqbek 1901